Monografía sobre las emociones del parto

Rocío González Zubizarreta

Resumen


En este articulo se ofrece una amplia definición del concepto de parto pero no sólo parto como proceso fisiológico. Se debe entender el parto como “experiencia de parto”, siendo un proceso único, complejo y multidimensional, estrechamente relacionado con el nacimiento de un bebe sano, y el proceso físico y mental del parto que culmina con la adopción del rol de madre.

Durante el proceso de análisis, de los artículos revisados, se ha comprobado que las emociones que más frecuentemente aparecen son: el dolor, el miedo, el temor o el sentido del control. Y todas estas emociones serán utilizadas por la mujer como determinantes para la génesis de una experiencia de parto positiva o negativa. Una experiencia positiva está relacionada con altos niveles de confianza, afianzamiento en el desempeño del nuevo rol, una lactancia eficaz y servirá para definir las expectativas para futuros embarazos y partos. Mientras, una experiencia de parto negativa, puede inducir a la depresión postparto, al estrés postraumático, a posibles problemas de pareja o familiares y problemas con posteriores partos. 

El objetivo de ésta monografía es conocer el concepto de experiencia de parto, conocer los sentimientos que se generan en la madre.

Palabras clave:
- Trabajo de parto.
- Experiencia de vida.
- Emociones.
- Dolor.
- Miedo.
- Control interno-externo.
- Matrona.

This article not only offers how the process of normal human childbirth is if not it also shows a wide definition of de concept of childbirth. It is necessary to understand the birth as “an experience childbird” because it is an unique, complex and multidimensional process, which is closely associated  with the delivery of a healthy baby and the physical and mental process that ends up with taking on the roll of being mother. 

During the review process it has been verified that the most frequent emotions which appear in the birth are: pain, fear, worry and the sense of control sense.

All these feelings will be used by the woman as determinants for the development of a positive or negative birth experience. A positive experience is related to:

  • High-levels of confidence.
  • Reinforcement the performance of the new role.
  • An effective breastfeeding. 

This will serve to define the expectations for future pregnancies and childbirths.

While, a negative experience can cause:

  • Postpartum depression.
  • Post-traumatic stress.
  • Potential marital or relatives.
  • Problems in later deliveries.

The aim of this monograph is to know the concept of experience childbirth and about the feelings mother’s.

Keywords:
- Labor obstetric.
- Life change event.
- Emotions.
- Pain.
- Fear.
- Internal-external control.
- Practical, midwife.


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Referencias


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