Efectividad de la musicoterapia en la reducción de las apneas del prematuro

Isabel María Fernánez Medina

Resumen


Desde tiempos remotos, la canción de cuna ha sido utilizada para conseguir la relajación del bebé e inducir el sueño. El feto reconoce la voz materna a las 24 semanas de gestación y existe evidencia preliminar que afirma que la terapia musical puede producir un cambio específico de los parámetros fisiológicos. Debido a la vulnerabilidad del recién nacido y a las largas estancias hospitalarias a las que se ve sometido, se baraja que la aplicación de terapias no invasivas como la música, puede ser beneficiosa tanto para el bebé como para la familia.

Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de la canción de cuna en la reducción de las apneas del prematuro.

Metodología. Estudio experimental. Se considera como población a estudio, los prematuros comprendidos entre 28 y 37 semanas de gestación clínicamente estables con episodios de apneas, captados del área de Neonatología y Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos del Complejo Hospitalario Torrecárdenas (Almería). La muestra se dividirá en dos grupos: un grupo de intervención que recibirá la terapia musical y un grupo control. Los resultados serán evaluados al inicio, al mes y al final del estudio.

Palabras clave:

- Musicoterapia - Estimulación acústica - Prematuro - Apnea - Atención de enfermería

 

Since ancient times, the lullaby has been used to get the baby relax and induce sleep. The baby recognizes its mother’s voice at 24 weeks of gestation and there is preliminary evidence that says that music therapy can produce a specific change of physiological parameters. Due of the vulnerability of the newborn and long hospital stays to which it is subjected, it shued the application of non-invasive therapies such as music, can be beneficial for both the baby and the family.

Objective. Evaluate the eectiveness of the lullaby in reducing apnea of prematurity.

Methodology. Experimental study. It is considered as study population, premature fall between 28 and 37 weeks gestation clinically stable with episodes of apnea, captured the area of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Torrecárdenas Hospital Complex (Almeria). The sample was divided into two groups: an intervention group will receive music therapy and a control group. The results will be assessed at baseline, monthly and end of the study.


Keywords:

- Music therapy - Acoustic stimulation - Premature - Apnea - Nursing care


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Referencias


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